Lecture Plan:

Lecture Plan of Western Philosophy:

Western Philosophy An Introduction:
Greek Period, Medieval Period, Modern And Contemporary Period. Characteristics Of Western Philosophy And It Distinction From Indian Philosophy.

Plato As A Perfect Greek, What Are The Ideas? Realism Of Ideas, Characteristics Of Ideas, Pyramidical System Of Ideas, Example Of Cave, Plato’s Epistemology As Criticism Of Sophists, Example Of Vertical Line, Theory Of Soul And God, Plato’s Criticism By Aristotle And It’s Evaluation.

Aristotle As An Encyclopedic Genius. Theory Of Four Causes And Its Co-ordination. Matter And Form, Their Relation And Results, Concept Of God And Evaluation Of Aristotle’s Philosophy.

Rationalist Descartes:
Origin And Features Of Rationalism, Descartes As Father Of Modern Western Philosophy, Philosophical Method, Sceptic Process Of Knowing. “I Think Therefore I Am”, Theory Of Three Substances, Interactionism As Mind-body Relation.

Rationalist Spinoza:
Spinoza And Descartes, Spinoza’s Theory Of Substance And Its Geometrical Explanation, Pantheism, Relation Between God And World. Determinism And Freewill, Comparison Between Pantheism And Theism, Spinoza’s Theory Of Attributes And Modes.

Rationalist Leibnitz:
Journey Of Rationalism From Descartes To Leibnitz. Theory Of Substance It’s Features, System And Concerning Problems And Solution. Leibnitz Concept Of God And Pre-established Harmony, Evaluation Of Leibnitz Philosophy.

Empiricist Locke:
Rise And Features Of Empiricism, Locke’s Refutation Of Innate Ideas, Epistemology Of Locke, Ideas And Its Types, Type And Limits Of Knowledge, Locke’s Three Substances As Matter, Self And God, Locke’s Theory Of Qualities And Evaluation Of Locke’s Philosophy.

Empiricist Berkeley:
Berkeley And Locke. Berkeley’s Criticism Of Locke’s Material Objects. Idealism Of Berkeley. Is Berkeley A Subjective Idealist? Berkeley’s Concept Of God And Evaluation Of Berkeley’s Philosophy.

Empiricist Hume:
Journey Of Empiricism From Locke To Hume, Hume’s Epistemology. Impressions And Ideas. Hume’s Theory Of Causation And Scepticism. His Concept Of Self And Personal Identity And Evaluation Of Hume’s Philosophy.

Immanuel Kant:
Representative Of A Philosophical Era. Kant’s Critical, Transcendental, Idealism. Co-ordination Of Rationalism And Empiricism, Kantian Epistemology And Possibility Of Synthetic Apriori Judgements And It’s Review, Concept Of Space And Time, Kant’s Theory Categories, Paralogisms Contradictions And Antinomies As Transcendental Illusion.

What Is Absolutism? Hegel’s Absolute Idealism, Identity Of Real And Rational, Dialectic Method And It’s Review.

G.E. Moore:
First Thinker Of Contemporary Western Philosophy. Refutation Of Idealism And Defence Of Common Sense And Neo-realism.

Difference Between Name And Description Theory Of Description, Indefinite And Definite Descriptions, Incomplete Symbol And Logical Construction, Russell’s Logical Atomism, Atom And It’s Types, Fact And It’s Types, Proposition And It’s Types.

A Linguistic Philosopher. In Early Wittgenstein Picture Theory Of Meaning And Difference Between Saying And Showing, In Later Wittgenstein Meaning And Use, Language Game And Critique Of Private Language.

Logical Positivism:
A Philosophical Revolution Of 20th Century. Schlick’s, Carnep’s And Ayer’s Verification Principles. Elimination Of Metaphysics And Linguistic Theory Of Necessary Proposition.

A Phenomenologist. Phenomenological Method Epoche And Reduction. Consciousness And Subjectivity, Avoidance Of Psychologism.

Main Features Of Existentialism. Kierkegard’s Truth Is Subjectivity, Sartre’s Existence And Essence, Freedom Choice And Accountability, Heidegger’s Being In The World, Existent Human Or Dasein, Inauthentic And Authentic Existence.

Critique Of Empiricism. Attack On Analytical And Syntheitical Statement. Refutation Of Reductionism.

Theory Of Basic Particualrs. Ownership And No-ownership Theories Of Person And Strawson Criticism. Person As Primitive Concept.