Philosophy (Optional) Classroom Programme (100% Coverage of Syllabus)

  • Course Duration: 2.5 to 3 Months
  • Course Fee: Rs. 48,000 

Salient Features:

  • Focus on concept building and Analysis of the topics.
  • Superlative preparation of all four section of the subject.
  • Well crafted pre and post class material.
  • Regular class tests to improve answer writing skills.


Western Philosophy

→ Greek Philosophy (2 Thinkers) | Number of Lectures: 6

  • Unit – 1. Plato and Aristotle: Ideas; Substance; Form and Matter; Causation; Actuality and Potentiality.

→ Modern Western Philosophy (8 Thinkers) | Number of Lectures: 12

  • Unit – 2. Rationalism (Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz): Cartesian Method and Certain Knowledge; Substance; God; Mind-Body Dualism; Determinism and Freedom.
  • Unit – 3. Empiricism (Locke, Berkeley, Hume): Theory of Knowledge; Substance and Qualities; Self and God; Scepticism.
  • Unit – 4. Kant: Possibility of Synthetic a priori Judgments; Space and Time; Categories; Ideas of Reason; Antinomies; Critique of Proofs for the Existence of God
  • Unit – 5. Hegel: Dialectical Method; Absolute Idealism

→ Contemporary Western Philosophy (10 Thinkers) | Number of Lectures: 14

  • Unit – 6. Moore, Russell and Early Wittgenstein: Defence of Commonsense; Refutation of Idealism; Logical Atomism; Logical Constructions; Incomplete Symbols; Picture Theory of Meaning; Saying and Showing.
  • Unit – 7. Logical Positivism: Verification Theory of Meaning; Rejection of Metaphysics; Linguistic Theory of Necessary Propositions.
  • Unit – 8. Later Wittgenstein: Meaning and Use; Language-games; Critique of Private Language.
  • Unit – 9. Phenomenology (Husserl): Method; Theory of Essences; Avoidance of Psychologism.
  • Unit – 10. Existentialism (Kierkegaard, Sartre, Heidegger): Existence and Essence; Choice, Responsibility and Authentic Existence; Being-in-the –world and Temporality.
  • Unit – 11. Quine and Strawson: Critique of Empiricism; Theory of Basic Particulars and Persons.

Indian Philosophy

→ Heterodox | Number of Lectures: 10

  • Unit – 12. Ca-rva-ka : Theory of Knowledge; Rejection of Transcendent Entities.
  • Unit – 13. Jainism: Theory of Reality; Saptabhan(ginaya; Bondage and Liberation.
  • Unit – 14. Schools of Buddhism: Prati-tyasamutpa-da; Ksanikavada, Naira-tmyava-da

→ Orthodox | Number of Lectures: 15

  • Unit – 15. Nya-ya- Vais’esika: Theory of Categories; Theory of Appearance; Theory of Prama-na; Self, Liberation; God; Proofs for the Existence of God; Theory of Causation; Atomistic Theory of Creation.
  • Unit – 16. Sa-mkhya: Prakrti; Purusa; Causation; Liberation
  • Unit – 17. Yoga: Citta; Cittavrtti; Klesas; Samadhi; Kaivalya.
  • Unit – 18. Mima-msa: Theory of Knowledge
  • Unit – 19. Schools of Veda-nta: Brahman; I-s’vara; A-tman; Jiva; Jagat; Ma-ya-; Avidya-; Adhya-sa; Moksa; Aprthaksiddhi; Pancavidhabheda
  • Unit – 20. Aurobindo: Evolution, Involution; Integral Yoga.

Socio-Political Philosophy

Number of Lectures: 17

Unit 1. Social and Political Ideals: Equality, Justice, Liberty. (3 Lectures)
Unit 2. Sovereignty: Austin, Bodin, Laski, Kautilya. (2 Lectures)
Unit 3. Individual and State: Rights; Duties and Accountability (1 Lectures)
Unit 4. Forms of Government: Monarchy; Theocracy and Democracy. (2 Lectures)
Unit 5. Political Ideologies: Anarchism; Marxism and Socialism (2 Lectures)
Unit 6. Humanism; Secularism; Multiculturalism. (2 Lectures)
Unit 7. Crime and Punishment: Corruption, Mass Violence, Genocide, Capital Punishment. (2 Lectures)
Unit 8. Development and Social Progress. (1 Lectures)
Unit 9. Gender Discrimination: Female Foeticide, Land and Property Rights; Empowernment. (1 Lectures)
Unit 10. Caste Discrimination: Gandhi and Ambedkar (1 Lectures)

Philosophy of Religion

Unit 1. Notions of God: Attributes; Relation to Man and the World. (Indian and Western).
Unit 2. Proofs for the Existence of God and their Critique (Indian and Western).
Unit 3. Problem of Evil.
Unit 4. Soul: Immortality; Rebirth and Liberation.
Unit 5. Reason, Revelation and Faith.
Unit 6. Religious Experience: Nature and Object (Indian and Western).
Unit 7. Religion without God.
Unit 8. Religion and Morality.
Unit 9. Religious Pluralism and the Problem of Absolute Truth.
Unit 10. Nature of Religious Language: Analogical and Symbolic; Cognitivist and Non- cognitive.


Fee Structure & Payment Mode

They can use the following given payment modes for admission.

  1. Direct Cash Payment at VVR Office
  2. Through Demand Draft (DD) in favour of VVR Education Services (India) payable at New Delhi.
  3. Direct cash deposit in our Punjab National Bank A/c No. 4988002100001746
    and Online transfer with Our IFSC:PUNB0498800.

The balance must be submitted at least three days before the commencement of classes. You can also deposit full fee through DD (or) Cash and Other modes.

The seats are limited therefore the candidates are request to take admission as soon as possible and reserve their seat in advance within the stipulated time so that they should not have to face any problem in admission. Once the seats will be filled, no admission will be entertained.


  • NEFT/Net Banking/IMPS/DD/Cheque/Cash
  • Paytm
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  • PhonePe

Note: Once payment will done for the confirmation of the payment, please send a scan copy of payment receipt through What’sApp 9999329111, Call – 011-45596505 or E-mail: